In the 21st century, in an environment dominated by chaos, globalization and new technologies, emerging new social needs that require new alternative services. Paradoxically, is emerging a trend of “nature” as a source of health and well-being. This trend of “back to basic” is also based on many scientific research that support the benefits of the interaction of human beings with nature and specifically with animals.
This situation, there is another remedy that investigate new therapeutic ways that have a positive impact in our society and which are really effective. But why use animals to make therapy? As well, in principle by a physiological question: the brain. It is shown that the brains of certain mammals, such as the online dog trainer review, Dolphin and horse, configured especially as emotional receiver. To understand this better, let’s go by parts and look first at our human brain.
Externally, we can see our brain division in two parts: right hemisphere (holistic, global and conceptual) and left hemisphere (sequential, linear and analytical), connected by a complex network of fibers near the base: the Corpus Callosum. Also, to make a longitudinal cut of the brain, distinguishes three divisions considered by MacLean (1973) in his theory of the Triune brain: reticular system (visceral capacity) and limbic (emotional capacity) and the neocortex (brainpower). As we can see, these capabilities are present in all of us and also with a distinct in our brain location.
There is also a kind of brain chain where different roles are given in us: from the reticular system or “the reptile brain” that controls basic instinctive responses and is associated with biological functions (not learned, is instinctive and capricious, lives exclusively in the present…), passing through the limbic system or “the mammal brain” which is responsible for memory learning and emotions (human relations, interaction, emotions…) to the neocortex, or “actual human brain” which is related to the intellectual processes (reflects, display, plan and is able to formulate strategies to achieve the goals).
In mammals, the brain structure is very similar, although the intellectual capacity (neocortex) is less developed, for now… thus limiting capacities such as planning, long-term orientation or imagination in these animals. The interesting thing about comparing the human brain with the mammals used in processes of therapy (dogs, horses and dolphins) is that these have a limbic system considerably greater than ours. I.e. your emotional capacity is greater than the human. Not to say that they are more sensitive than us (today, there is no research on the subject) but its ability to synchronize with our emotions is enormous.
This potential for emotional support is not break by any machine not even by any therapist, by very emphatic that this is. Warm-blooded animals, need one contact one and timing with each other to regulate not only our moods, but our body. It is a vital necessity. Children need contact with their parents to adjust the heart rate and blood pressure (synchronicity in the regulation).
Human beings are completely interdependent species, but each time costs us more relate, either by our internal and prejudices, fears or insecurities barriers, and external barriers related to the use of new technologies as a form of relationship. In addition, with the age we have more difficult still to synchronize with each other, so that a couple be completely synchronized, they takes 20 years.
This synchronization of which we speak, occurs at the unconscious level, so it is very difficult to access it intentionally. He is said that the co-terapeuta animal, is a catalyst, because it is unable to synchronize with the man at this level truly through the limbic system. From our experience in therapeutic activities with dogs, we can say how truly, produces an effect of feedback or emotional feedback between dog and patient, in which dog absorbs both the negative and positive emotions completely synchronizing your limbic system. We would say that what happens is something like a bilateral relationship which the patient takes in good and the dog the good and the bad. So after the therapy sessions, the dog usually ends exhausted emotionally and may even get stressed if the sessions are prolonged more than recommended. To avoid these situations, it is essential to have expertise in the therapeutic field, but above all know the animal and “read”.
Talking about assisted therapy with pets, are always listed multitude of benefits related to work outdoors, out of the routine, the lack of trials by the animal, the development of social skills, the improvement of the indices of quality of life, reduction in the intake of analgesics, the improvement in the attention improved motor, etc. They are great achievements, but little is discussed the potential of these therapists to access and contact us intimate and deeply. Many psychotherapists is beginning to incorporate in its sessions to some animal (mammal) to generate an atmosphere of trust (rapport) and achieve precisely this connection to a deeper level. In fact, although the use of animals as co-terapeutas comes from old, therapy with animals in a professional environment and today as we understand it, came precisely when the psychiatrist Boris M. Levinson in 1953 realized the benefits obtained in their session when your dog Jingles was present. Perhaps thanks to them, today we can apply scientifically assisted therapy with animal de Compañía (TAAC).
(*) In this article we only make reference to dogs, horses and dolphins, because there is research in this regard. It is beginning to speak also of the limbic system of the cats, but we don’t have information about no conclusive research on the matter yet.